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Local to Global Urban Journalism and The Guardian Cities Example

Yıl 2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 1, 57 - 84, 25.05.2022
https://doi.org/10.24955/ilef.1011463

Öz

In recent years, examples of a new field called urban journalism have started to appear on various websites. This field, which is different from local and community journalism, is still developing so its definition and scope are not clear. The global dimension of urbanization and the problems it raises play an important role in the emergence of this field. In addition, the use of digital technologies in the field of journalism has important effects on the development of new types of journalism. The aim of this article is to try to understand and explain the general framework and basic features of urban journalism, which has not yet been sufficiently discussed in academic literature. In this framework, the scope and basic characteristics of urban journalism are examined through the example of Cities, a publication of The Guardian newspaper.

Kaynakça

  • Bahçeci, Devin, 2009. "Yeşil Ekonomi; Yeni bir Truva Atı" Yeşil Gazete. Son Erişim Tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. https://yesilgazete.org/yesil-ekonomi-yeni-bir-truva-ati/
  • Beckett, Charlie, ve Robin Mansell. 2008. "Crossing Boundaries: New Media and Networked Journalism." Communication, Culture & Critique 1.1: 92-104. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-9137.2007.00010.x
  • Brenner, Neil., ve Christian Schmid. 2014. “The ‘Urban Age’ in Question.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38(3): 731-755. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.12115.
  • Castro, Carlos J. 2004. “Sustainable Development: Mainstream and Critical Perspectives.” Organization & Environment, 17(2): 195-225. https://doi.org/10.1177/1086026604264910
  • Citizenslab. 2017. “How to Become an Urban Journalist.” Son erişim tarihi 23 Mayıs 2017. https://citizenslab.eu/stories/how-to-become-an-urban-journalist/.
  • Curry, Alexander L. ve Keith H. Hammonds. 2014. "The Power of Solutions Journalism." Solutions Journalism Network 7: 1-14. https://mediaengagement.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/ENP_SJN-report.pdf.
  • Deuze, Mark ve Leopoldina Fortunati. 2010. "Journalism Without Journalists." News Online: Transformations and Continuities, editörler Graham Meikle ve Guy Redden. Son erişim tarihi 15 Mayıs 2009. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Leopoldina-Fortunati/publication/37612001_Journalism_Without_Journalists/links/00b7d51f39282cb2e3000000/Journalism-Without-Journalists.pdf.
  • Deuze, Mark. 2003. “The Web and its Journalisms: Considering the Consequences of Different Types of News Media Online.” New Media & Society 5(2): 203–30. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444803005002004
  • Demir, Atike Sevtap ve Çağrı Kaderoğlu Bulut. 2020. "İnternette Haber Üretimi ve Gazeteciler Üzerine Bir Araştırma: Alternatif Bir Kavramsal Çerçeve Denemesi." Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 11.2: 13-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.33537/sobild.2020.11.2.2
  • Demir, Atike Sevtap ve Çağrı Kaderoğlu Bulut. 2018. "İnternet Gazeteciliği ve Çalışma: Emek Süreci Ekseninde Bir İnceleme." Akademia Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi: 426-440. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/asj/issue/40224/479049
  • Dinçer, Özgün, 2016. "Sürdürülebilir Kentleşme Tartışmaları ve Kent Hakkı." Ufuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 5(10): 73 - 84
  • Fenton, Natalie. 2010. “News in the Digital Age.” The Routledge Companion to News and Journalism, editör Stuart Allan. New York: Routledge.
  • Greenberg, Susan. 2012. "Slow journalism in the digital fast lane." Global literary journalism: Exploring the journalistic imagination, editörler Richard Keeble ve John Tulloch Peter Lang, New York. Son Erişim Tarihi 20 Ocak 2021 https://pure.roehampton.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/slow-journalism-in-the-digital-fast-lane
  • Greenberg, Susan. 2007. "Slow Journalism." Prospect Magazine 25:2007. Son Erişim Tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. https://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/magazine/slowjournalism#.UzAX0F7j744.
  • Haak, Van der, Bregtje, Michael Parks, Manuel Castells. 2012. “The Future of Journalism: Networked Journalism.” International Journal of Communication, 6(16). Son Erişim Tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. https://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc
  • Henderson, V. 2002. “Urbanization in Developing Countries.” The World Bank Research Observer, 17(1): 89-112. https://doi.org/10.1093/wbro/17.1.89
  • Herd, Mike. 2014. “What makes your city so special?” Son erişim tarihi 27 Ocak 2014. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/jan/27/guardian-cities-website-welcome.
  • Kaderoğlu Bulut, Çağrı. 2019. Sınıfın Sınırlarında Gazeteciler ve Proleterleşme. Nota Bene: İstanbul.
  • Kıyan, Zafer, ve Nurcan Törenli. 2018."Sosyal Medyanın Gazetecilikteki Rolü: Türkiye'deki Haber Kuruluşları Üzerine Bir İnceleme." Gaziantep Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 17.1:32-52. DOI:10.21547/jss.374938
  • Kingsley, Davis. 1965. “The Urbanization of the Human Population.” Scientific American Vol 213 (3): 40-53. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24931110
  • Le Masurier, M. 2015. “What is slow journalism?”. Journalism practice, 9 (2): 138-152. 10.1080/17512786.2014.916471
  • McIntyre, Karen. 2019. “Solutions Journalism: The Effects of Including Solution Information in News Stories About Social Problems.” Journalism Practice 13(1): 16-34. 10.1080/17512786.2017.1409647
  • Michael, Chris. 2020. “Guardian Cities: Farewell From The Editor.” Son erişim tarihi 13 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/13/guardian-cities-farewell-from-the-editor.
  • Michael, Chris. 2019. “The Inside Story of Guardian Cities: A New Kind of Journalism.” Son erişim tarihi 27 Ağustos 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/membership/2019/aug/27/the-inside-story-of-guardian-cities-a-new-kind-of-journalism.
  • Ochoa, Waldir. 2017. “Taller de periodismo urbano y ciudades sostenibles. Periodismo Urbano: Construir Una Ciudad Posible.” Son erişim tarihi 10 Mart 2017. https://fundaciongabo.org/es/recursos/relatorias/taller-de-periodismo-urbano-y-ciudades-sostenibles
  • Özlüer, Fevzi, 2007. "Sürdürülebilir Kalkınmanın Ekonomi Politiği." Dosya 05, Haziran :4-13. Son Erişim Tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. http://www.mimarlarodasiankara.org/dosya/dosya5.pdf.
  • Perez Bobadilla, Natalia. 2018. “Urban Journalism &The Urban Future Global Conference.” Son erişim tarihi 24 Mayıs 2018. https://www.4cities.eu/urban-journalism-the-urban-future-global-conference.
  • Rodgers, Scott. 2020. “News in the Digital Age.” The Routledge Companion to Urban Media and Communication, editörler Zlatan Krajina ve Deborah Stevenson. New York: Routledge.
  • Şahin, Ümit. 2004. "Truva Atı Olarak Sürdürülebilir Kalkınma." Üç Ekoloji. 2: 1-16
  • Unesco. 1985. "The Urban Explosion." The Courier 1985: 24-29. https://en.unesco.org/courier/march-1985
  • UNFPA. 2007. Annual Report. Son erişim tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/ar07_eng.pdf.
  • United Nations. 2019. “World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights.” Son erişim tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. https://population.un.org/wpp/Publications/Files/WPP2019_Highlights.pdf.
  • Urbact. 2019. “The do’s and don’ts of urban journalism. Tips from the editor of Guardian Cities.” Son erişim tarihi 5 Eylül 2019. https://urbact.eu/dos-donts-urban-journalism-tips-guardian-cities.
  • Yıldırım, A., Şimşek, H. 2011. Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri. Seçkin Yayıncılık: Ankara.
  • Haberler: Blumenstein, David. 2020. “Why Los Angeles is Scientology's Perfect City – An Illustrated Guide.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 10 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/10/why-los-angeles-is-scientologys-perfect-city-an-illustrated-guide.
  • Bramley, Ellie Violet. 2018. “Desire Paths: The Illicit Trails That Defy The Urban Planners.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 5 Ekim 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/oct/05/desire-paths-the-illicit-trails-that-defy-the-urban-planners.
  • Butler, Jim. 2019. “Flying Pigs And Mathematicians: Inside The Cambridge Pub Facing Demolition.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 13 Aralık 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/dec/13/flying-pigs-and-mathematicians-inside-the-cambridge-pub-facing-demolition.
  • Cities.2020. “Divided Cities.” The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 6 Kasım 2019-22 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/divided-cities.
  • Cities. 2019a. "Guardian Concrete Week." The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 25 Şubat-15 Mart 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/guardian-concrete-week
  • Cities. 2019 b. "The Next 15 Megacities". The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 7 Ocak-20 Şubat 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/next-15-megacities.
  • Cities 2019 c. "Sweltering Cities.” The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 13 Ağustos 2018-6 Aralık 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/sweltering-cities.
  • Cities. 2019d. "Cities in Motion." The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 17 Şubat 2014-7 Ekim 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/cities-in-motion.
  • Cities. 2019e. "Cycling The City." The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 11 Haziran 2018-14 Kasım 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/cycling-the-city.
  • Cities. 2019f. "Walking The City." The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 6 Ağustos 2016.https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/walking-the-city.
  • Cities. t.y. “The Empty Doorway” .The Guardian Cities. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/the-empty-doorway.
  • Fleming, Amy. 2020. “The Case For ... Making Low-Tech 'Dumb' Cities Instead Of 'Smart' Ones.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 15 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/15/the-case-for-making-low-tech-dumb-cities-instead-of-smart-ones.
  • Grant, Harriet ve Chris Michael. 2020. “The Case For ... Designing Cities Around The Needs Of Children.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 14 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/14/the-case-for-designing-cities-around-the-needs-of-children.
  • Hancox, Dan. 2020. “The Case For ... Truly Taking Back Control – By Reversing The Privatisation Of Our Cities.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 16 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/16/the-case-for-truly-taking-back-control-by-reversing-the-privatisation-of-our-cities.
  • Hunt, Elle ve Guardian okuyucuları. 2018. “Let's Bring Back The Dignity Of Walking': Being On Foot In Your City.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 21 Eylül 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/sep/21/lets-bring-back-the-dignity-of-walking-being-on-foot-in-your-city.
  • Kent, Debbie. 2018. “'I Follow A Different Person Every Day': Using Strangers To Explore The City” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 21 Eylül 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/sep/21/i-follow-a-different-person-every-day-using-strangers-to-explore-the-city.
  • Knight, Will. 2019. "The Illustrated City: Glasgow's Disappearing Independent Newsagents." The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 1 Kasım 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/nov/01/the-illustrated-city-glasgows-disappearing-independent-newsagents.
  • Matumula, Poa. 2019. “How Do You Stop A Megacity Grinding To A Halt? A Cartoon.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi 20 Aralık 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/dec/20/how-do-you-stop-a-megacity-grinding-to-a-halt-a-cartoon.
  • Mecking, Olga. 2018. "Can Local Walking Groups Help Solve Urban Issues?" The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 14 Kasım 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/nov/14/the-dutch-cities-using-walking-to-tackle-issues-from-vandalism-to-broken-streetlights.
  • Orange, Richard. 2018. "Stockholm Says No To Apple 'Town Square' In Its Oldest Park." The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 1 Kasım 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/nov/01/stockholm-apple-town-square-park-kings-garden-kungstradgarden.
  • Wainwright, Oliver. 2020. "The Case For ... Never Demolishing Another Building." The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 13 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/13/the-case-for-never-demolishing-another-building.
  • Walker, Rob. 2019. The Art of Noticing: Five Ways To Experience A City Differently." The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 9 Mayıs 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/may/09/the-art-of-noticing-five-ways-to-experience-a-city-differently.

Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği

Yıl 2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 1, 57 - 84, 25.05.2022
https://doi.org/10.24955/ilef.1011463

Öz

Son yıllarda, kent gazeteciliği olarak adlandırılan ve yerel gazetecilikten belli açılardan farklılaşan bir alanın örnekleri çeşitli web sitelerinde karşımıza çıkmaya başlamıştır. Henüz yeni olan bu alanın tanımı ve kapsamı net değilse de yerel veya topluluk gazeteciliği olarak bilinen alanlardan hem beslenen hem de farklılaşan bir alan olarak geliştiği görülmektedir. Böyle bir alanın gelişmesinde tarihsel ve toplumsal süreçte kentleşmenin küresel olarak geldiği boyut ve ortaya çıkardığı sorunlar önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Diğer yandan dijital teknolojilerin gazetecilik alanında kullanımı da yeni gazetecilik türlerinin gelişmesinde etkili olmaktadır. Bu makalenin amacı, henüz tanımı ve sınırları net olmayan bu alanın genel özelliklerini, çerçevesini, diğer gazetecilik alanlarıyla benzeyen ve farklılaşan yanlarını uygulamadaki yeni örnekler üzerinden anlamaya ve açıklamaya çalışmaktır. Bu çerçevede öncelikle kent gazeteciliğini ortaya çıkaran faktörler ele alınmakta, daha sonra da örnek olarak seçilen The Guardian gazetesinin bir yayını olan Cities üzerinden kent gazeteciliğinin kapsamı ve temel nitelikleri incelenmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Bahçeci, Devin, 2009. "Yeşil Ekonomi; Yeni bir Truva Atı" Yeşil Gazete. Son Erişim Tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. https://yesilgazete.org/yesil-ekonomi-yeni-bir-truva-ati/
  • Beckett, Charlie, ve Robin Mansell. 2008. "Crossing Boundaries: New Media and Networked Journalism." Communication, Culture & Critique 1.1: 92-104. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-9137.2007.00010.x
  • Brenner, Neil., ve Christian Schmid. 2014. “The ‘Urban Age’ in Question.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38(3): 731-755. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.12115.
  • Castro, Carlos J. 2004. “Sustainable Development: Mainstream and Critical Perspectives.” Organization & Environment, 17(2): 195-225. https://doi.org/10.1177/1086026604264910
  • Citizenslab. 2017. “How to Become an Urban Journalist.” Son erişim tarihi 23 Mayıs 2017. https://citizenslab.eu/stories/how-to-become-an-urban-journalist/.
  • Curry, Alexander L. ve Keith H. Hammonds. 2014. "The Power of Solutions Journalism." Solutions Journalism Network 7: 1-14. https://mediaengagement.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/ENP_SJN-report.pdf.
  • Deuze, Mark ve Leopoldina Fortunati. 2010. "Journalism Without Journalists." News Online: Transformations and Continuities, editörler Graham Meikle ve Guy Redden. Son erişim tarihi 15 Mayıs 2009. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Leopoldina-Fortunati/publication/37612001_Journalism_Without_Journalists/links/00b7d51f39282cb2e3000000/Journalism-Without-Journalists.pdf.
  • Deuze, Mark. 2003. “The Web and its Journalisms: Considering the Consequences of Different Types of News Media Online.” New Media & Society 5(2): 203–30. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444803005002004
  • Demir, Atike Sevtap ve Çağrı Kaderoğlu Bulut. 2020. "İnternette Haber Üretimi ve Gazeteciler Üzerine Bir Araştırma: Alternatif Bir Kavramsal Çerçeve Denemesi." Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 11.2: 13-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.33537/sobild.2020.11.2.2
  • Demir, Atike Sevtap ve Çağrı Kaderoğlu Bulut. 2018. "İnternet Gazeteciliği ve Çalışma: Emek Süreci Ekseninde Bir İnceleme." Akademia Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi: 426-440. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/asj/issue/40224/479049
  • Dinçer, Özgün, 2016. "Sürdürülebilir Kentleşme Tartışmaları ve Kent Hakkı." Ufuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 5(10): 73 - 84
  • Fenton, Natalie. 2010. “News in the Digital Age.” The Routledge Companion to News and Journalism, editör Stuart Allan. New York: Routledge.
  • Greenberg, Susan. 2012. "Slow journalism in the digital fast lane." Global literary journalism: Exploring the journalistic imagination, editörler Richard Keeble ve John Tulloch Peter Lang, New York. Son Erişim Tarihi 20 Ocak 2021 https://pure.roehampton.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/slow-journalism-in-the-digital-fast-lane
  • Greenberg, Susan. 2007. "Slow Journalism." Prospect Magazine 25:2007. Son Erişim Tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. https://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/magazine/slowjournalism#.UzAX0F7j744.
  • Haak, Van der, Bregtje, Michael Parks, Manuel Castells. 2012. “The Future of Journalism: Networked Journalism.” International Journal of Communication, 6(16). Son Erişim Tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. https://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc
  • Henderson, V. 2002. “Urbanization in Developing Countries.” The World Bank Research Observer, 17(1): 89-112. https://doi.org/10.1093/wbro/17.1.89
  • Herd, Mike. 2014. “What makes your city so special?” Son erişim tarihi 27 Ocak 2014. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/jan/27/guardian-cities-website-welcome.
  • Kaderoğlu Bulut, Çağrı. 2019. Sınıfın Sınırlarında Gazeteciler ve Proleterleşme. Nota Bene: İstanbul.
  • Kıyan, Zafer, ve Nurcan Törenli. 2018."Sosyal Medyanın Gazetecilikteki Rolü: Türkiye'deki Haber Kuruluşları Üzerine Bir İnceleme." Gaziantep Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 17.1:32-52. DOI:10.21547/jss.374938
  • Kingsley, Davis. 1965. “The Urbanization of the Human Population.” Scientific American Vol 213 (3): 40-53. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24931110
  • Le Masurier, M. 2015. “What is slow journalism?”. Journalism practice, 9 (2): 138-152. 10.1080/17512786.2014.916471
  • McIntyre, Karen. 2019. “Solutions Journalism: The Effects of Including Solution Information in News Stories About Social Problems.” Journalism Practice 13(1): 16-34. 10.1080/17512786.2017.1409647
  • Michael, Chris. 2020. “Guardian Cities: Farewell From The Editor.” Son erişim tarihi 13 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/13/guardian-cities-farewell-from-the-editor.
  • Michael, Chris. 2019. “The Inside Story of Guardian Cities: A New Kind of Journalism.” Son erişim tarihi 27 Ağustos 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/membership/2019/aug/27/the-inside-story-of-guardian-cities-a-new-kind-of-journalism.
  • Ochoa, Waldir. 2017. “Taller de periodismo urbano y ciudades sostenibles. Periodismo Urbano: Construir Una Ciudad Posible.” Son erişim tarihi 10 Mart 2017. https://fundaciongabo.org/es/recursos/relatorias/taller-de-periodismo-urbano-y-ciudades-sostenibles
  • Özlüer, Fevzi, 2007. "Sürdürülebilir Kalkınmanın Ekonomi Politiği." Dosya 05, Haziran :4-13. Son Erişim Tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. http://www.mimarlarodasiankara.org/dosya/dosya5.pdf.
  • Perez Bobadilla, Natalia. 2018. “Urban Journalism &The Urban Future Global Conference.” Son erişim tarihi 24 Mayıs 2018. https://www.4cities.eu/urban-journalism-the-urban-future-global-conference.
  • Rodgers, Scott. 2020. “News in the Digital Age.” The Routledge Companion to Urban Media and Communication, editörler Zlatan Krajina ve Deborah Stevenson. New York: Routledge.
  • Şahin, Ümit. 2004. "Truva Atı Olarak Sürdürülebilir Kalkınma." Üç Ekoloji. 2: 1-16
  • Unesco. 1985. "The Urban Explosion." The Courier 1985: 24-29. https://en.unesco.org/courier/march-1985
  • UNFPA. 2007. Annual Report. Son erişim tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/ar07_eng.pdf.
  • United Nations. 2019. “World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights.” Son erişim tarihi 20 Ocak 2021. https://population.un.org/wpp/Publications/Files/WPP2019_Highlights.pdf.
  • Urbact. 2019. “The do’s and don’ts of urban journalism. Tips from the editor of Guardian Cities.” Son erişim tarihi 5 Eylül 2019. https://urbact.eu/dos-donts-urban-journalism-tips-guardian-cities.
  • Yıldırım, A., Şimşek, H. 2011. Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri. Seçkin Yayıncılık: Ankara.
  • Haberler: Blumenstein, David. 2020. “Why Los Angeles is Scientology's Perfect City – An Illustrated Guide.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 10 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/10/why-los-angeles-is-scientologys-perfect-city-an-illustrated-guide.
  • Bramley, Ellie Violet. 2018. “Desire Paths: The Illicit Trails That Defy The Urban Planners.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 5 Ekim 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/oct/05/desire-paths-the-illicit-trails-that-defy-the-urban-planners.
  • Butler, Jim. 2019. “Flying Pigs And Mathematicians: Inside The Cambridge Pub Facing Demolition.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 13 Aralık 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/dec/13/flying-pigs-and-mathematicians-inside-the-cambridge-pub-facing-demolition.
  • Cities.2020. “Divided Cities.” The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 6 Kasım 2019-22 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/divided-cities.
  • Cities. 2019a. "Guardian Concrete Week." The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 25 Şubat-15 Mart 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/guardian-concrete-week
  • Cities. 2019 b. "The Next 15 Megacities". The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 7 Ocak-20 Şubat 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/next-15-megacities.
  • Cities 2019 c. "Sweltering Cities.” The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 13 Ağustos 2018-6 Aralık 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/sweltering-cities.
  • Cities. 2019d. "Cities in Motion." The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 17 Şubat 2014-7 Ekim 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/cities-in-motion.
  • Cities. 2019e. "Cycling The City." The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 11 Haziran 2018-14 Kasım 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/cycling-the-city.
  • Cities. 2019f. "Walking The City." The Guardian Cities. Yayın Tarihleri: 6 Ağustos 2016.https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/walking-the-city.
  • Cities. t.y. “The Empty Doorway” .The Guardian Cities. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/series/the-empty-doorway.
  • Fleming, Amy. 2020. “The Case For ... Making Low-Tech 'Dumb' Cities Instead Of 'Smart' Ones.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 15 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/15/the-case-for-making-low-tech-dumb-cities-instead-of-smart-ones.
  • Grant, Harriet ve Chris Michael. 2020. “The Case For ... Designing Cities Around The Needs Of Children.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 14 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/14/the-case-for-designing-cities-around-the-needs-of-children.
  • Hancox, Dan. 2020. “The Case For ... Truly Taking Back Control – By Reversing The Privatisation Of Our Cities.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 16 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/16/the-case-for-truly-taking-back-control-by-reversing-the-privatisation-of-our-cities.
  • Hunt, Elle ve Guardian okuyucuları. 2018. “Let's Bring Back The Dignity Of Walking': Being On Foot In Your City.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 21 Eylül 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/sep/21/lets-bring-back-the-dignity-of-walking-being-on-foot-in-your-city.
  • Kent, Debbie. 2018. “'I Follow A Different Person Every Day': Using Strangers To Explore The City” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 21 Eylül 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/sep/21/i-follow-a-different-person-every-day-using-strangers-to-explore-the-city.
  • Knight, Will. 2019. "The Illustrated City: Glasgow's Disappearing Independent Newsagents." The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 1 Kasım 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/nov/01/the-illustrated-city-glasgows-disappearing-independent-newsagents.
  • Matumula, Poa. 2019. “How Do You Stop A Megacity Grinding To A Halt? A Cartoon.” The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi 20 Aralık 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/dec/20/how-do-you-stop-a-megacity-grinding-to-a-halt-a-cartoon.
  • Mecking, Olga. 2018. "Can Local Walking Groups Help Solve Urban Issues?" The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 14 Kasım 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/nov/14/the-dutch-cities-using-walking-to-tackle-issues-from-vandalism-to-broken-streetlights.
  • Orange, Richard. 2018. "Stockholm Says No To Apple 'Town Square' In Its Oldest Park." The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 1 Kasım 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/nov/01/stockholm-apple-town-square-park-kings-garden-kungstradgarden.
  • Wainwright, Oliver. 2020. "The Case For ... Never Demolishing Another Building." The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 13 Ocak 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2020/jan/13/the-case-for-never-demolishing-another-building.
  • Walker, Rob. 2019. The Art of Noticing: Five Ways To Experience A City Differently." The Guardian Cities. Son Yayın Tarihi: 9 Mayıs 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/may/09/the-art-of-noticing-five-ways-to-experience-a-city-differently.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Özgün DİNÇER Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İLETİŞİM FAKÜLTESİ, GAZETECİLİK BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-6881-5247
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 25 Mayıs 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ilef1011463, journal = {Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi}, issn = {2148-7219}, eissn = {2458-9209}, address = {}, publisher = {Ankara Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {9}, number = {1}, pages = {57 - 84}, doi = {10.24955/ilef.1011463}, title = {Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği}, key = {cite}, author = {Dinçer, Özgün} }
APA Dinçer, Ö. (2022). Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği . Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi , 9 (1) , 57-84 . DOI: 10.24955/ilef.1011463
MLA Dinçer, Ö. "Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği" . Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi 9 (2022 ): 57-84 <http://ilefdergisi.ankara.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/69800/1011463>
Chicago Dinçer, Ö. "Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği". Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi 9 (2022 ): 57-84
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği AU - ÖzgünDinçer Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.24955/ilef.1011463 DO - 10.24955/ilef.1011463 T2 - Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 57 EP - 84 VL - 9 IS - 1 SN - 2148-7219-2458-9209 M3 - doi: 10.24955/ilef.1011463 UR - https://doi.org/10.24955/ilef.1011463 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği %A Özgün Dinçer %T Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği %D 2022 %J Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi %P 2148-7219-2458-9209 %V 9 %N 1 %R doi: 10.24955/ilef.1011463 %U 10.24955/ilef.1011463
ISNAD Dinçer, Özgün . "Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği". Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi 9 / 1 (Mayıs 2022): 57-84 . https://doi.org/10.24955/ilef.1011463
AMA Dinçer Ö. Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği. Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi. 2022; 9(1): 57-84.
Vancouver Dinçer Ö. Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği. Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi. 2022; 9(1): 57-84.
IEEE Ö. Dinçer , "Yerelden Küresele Kent Haberciliği ve The Guardian Cities Örneği", Ankara Üniversitesi İlef Dergisi, c. 9, sayı. 1, ss. 57-84, May. 2022, doi:10.24955/ilef.1011463